The 8. Mai ist als Liberation Day in several European countries, a day of remembrance, on the anniversary as the 8. May 1945 the unconditional surrender of the armed forces and the end is thought of World War II in Europe and the liberation from National Socialism. He is partially committed as a silent memorial and partly as a holiday with great public participation. In the GDR, he was from 1950 to 1967 and in 1985 (40. anniversary) National holiday.